Bogor, Jawa Barat - Dibangun pada tahun 1740




Period 1945-1966
Period 1966-1998
BJ. Habibie
Period 1998-1999
Abdurrahman Wahid
Period 1999-2001
Megawati Soekarnoputri
Period 2001-2004
Susilo B. Yudhoyono
Period 2004-2014



Istana Cipanas

Bogor, Jawa Barat
Constructed 1740

Cipanas Palace has a different story, like the rest house in Bogor, the construction of the building was also initiated by van Imhoff. But because of the insufficient cost, then the construction was stopped. Less known by whom, when and how the palace was completed. What is known is that the land purchase was carried out in 1740.
(Source: Indonesian Presidential Palace, the publisher: State Secretariat of the Republic of Indonesia, Jakarta-1979)
Of the six presidential palaces, it turns out that Cipanas Palace is less equipped with the stories of Indonesian struggle from the beginning until now. Its remote location at the foot of Mount Gede is not allowed to be the center of politics / government or even a permanent residence.
When the place was found by van Imhoff, it was mentioned that the distance was 24 pals from Buitenzorg. With horse-drawn carriage, the distance from Batavia to Buitenzorg took half a day. Especially for Cipanas of which location is more upward, passing the peak area. And train of Buitenzorg-Batavia just started running its service in 1864. Before that people traveled by horse or horse-drawn carriage.
Since the beginning, in the building not grand and mostly made of boards a hot spring containing minerals was found.
Like the rest house in Bogor, the construction of the building was also initiated by van Imhoff. When he was traveling on turne, he received report from residents saying that there was a hot spring somewhere in Cipanas. Water sample reported to be able to cure many diseases was then taken to Batavia. Once known that the hot water really contained sulfur and iron, and could cure patients uneasily cured in Batavia, then van Imhoff decided to build a medical building around the hot spring. Its establishment was then stopped because the cost was higher than that provided. Less known by whom, when and how the palace was completed, but according to records, land purchase was carried out in 1740.
At the time of the Dutch Company, the medical building could accommodate approximately 30 military members needing care and could take advantage of sources of cool and clean mineral water and mountain air. Wide nature, environment where tall trees with full of large leaves were growing, warm spring having temperature of 43 degrees Celsius and containing minerals, cool air that could drop below 10 degrees Celsius - all of them made Cipanas a rest house which would remain remembered. Finally, the Governors-General used it as a resting place. Building of the palace that was not so obvious from the way seemed more and more improved and enlarged. In fact, some authorities made Cipanas palace a family residence.
For example, Thomas Stamford Raffles, as well as Daendels, during their services put several hundred people in the place. Some worked at apple garden or flower garden, others worked in rice mill factory, some others worked on cattle, sheep and horse farms. Not to mention the people hired to take care of household of palace and its courtyards. For them a settlement not far from the main building was specially built.
Also, Commissioner-General Leonard Pieter Joseph du Bus de Gisignies was pleased to take a bath using sulfur water used as a refreshment because of his tough life. His secretary, Willem van Hogendrop, wrote to his father in Holland:
"People sleep here with wool blankets and shiver from the cold each morning. But here we have a hot spring with abundant sulfur, very pleasant and heating around us. Its Water source is heated inside the walls of the mountain Gede, occasionally smoking with small lava stones ... ... ".
As the colonial era, the role of Cipanas palace after the independence was not large. Its Role in history of the national struggle was not so great if compared to other Presidential palaces. There are also some interesting stories in review of the history. Dining room in the main building was once used as an assembly room by President Soekarno of which results set changes in the monetary value of Rp. 1000, - into Rp. 1 This happened in 1965, when Frans Seda became the Minister of Finance.
Bentul Building is not the only building existing in courtyard of Cipanas palace covering 25 hectares. In addition to the main building covering 900 m2, there are 22 other buildings if all summed shall reach 5850 m2, some are used for office, and others are for lodging places.
President Soeharto and his family once in a while stopped at the Cipanas Palace for sulfur bath and used pavilion behind the palace specifically available for the head of State and the family.
At this time the building of Cipanas palace has been rarely used, but still well maintained. Because its renovations are held regularly, the condition is still like when it was first built. Its architecture has distinctive characteristics, so it has the attraction for the visitors. Another interesting aspect is the collection of paintings there, amounting to approximately 300 pieces.
Even though it has been rarely used, but also occasionally used as a haven, as the Queen Juliana did during a visit to Indonesia in 1971.


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