Period 1998 - 1999




Period 1945-1966
Period 1966-1998
BJ. Habibie
Period 1998-1999
Abdurrahman Wahid
Period 1999-2001
Megawati Soekarnoputri
Period 2001-2004
Susilo B. Yudhoyono
Period 2004-2014


Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie

Period 1998 -- 1999


The third President of the Republic of Indonesia, Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie was born in Pare-Pare, South Sulawesi, on 25 June, 1936. He is the forth son from eight, from a couple namely Alwi Abdul Jalil Habibie and RA. Tuti Marini Puspowardojo. Habibie married with Hasri Ainun Habibie on 12 May, 1962 and blessed with two sons they are Ilham Akbar and Thareq Kemal.

Habibie’s childhood was gone through with his brother and sister in Pare-Pare, South Sulawesi. Firm characteristic to hold on principles has been shown by Habibie since he is a kid. Habibie who have hobby of riding horses, should lost his father who died on 3 September, 1950 because of heart attack. Not that long after his father died, Habibie moved to Bandung to take his school at Gouvernments Middlebare School. During in Senior High School, he started to be preeminent student because of his achievement, particularly for physical sciences. Habibie became such a favorite figure in his school. After graduated from Senior High School in Bandung in 1954, he entered into the University of Indonesia in Bandung (It is now called ITB). He got Diploma predicate from Technische Hochschule, German in 1960 and then got his doctor from the same university in 1965. Habibie married in 1962, and blessed with two sons. In 1967, he became the Honor Professor at the Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB).

Lots of people admire as well as disagree on actions taken by Habibie as some of them are full with controversies. At every time, the achiever of prestigious award namely Theodore van Karman Award, back to his ‘habitat’ in German, he always become such a news. Habibie was just taken one year attending lecture at ITB Bandung, 10 years attending lecture and got his aircraft construction doctoral in German with predicate Summa Cum laude. He then worked at the famous aircraft industry MBB Gmbh German, before he came back to Indonesia to comply with President Soeharto’s request.

In Indonesia, Habibie for 20 years positioned as the State Minister of Research and Technology / Head of BPPT, chaired 10 state enterprises for Strategic Industry, selected by the Provisional People’s Consultative Assembly as the Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia, and taken his oath by Head of the Supreme Court to be a President of the Republic of Indonesia replacing Soeharto. Soeharto delivered his position as President to Habibie pursuant to Article 8 of the Constitution of 1945. Until finally he had to fall because of Timor Timur referendum which choose to be independent. His responsibility speech was overruled by the Provisional People’s Consultative Assembly. He than back to become an ordinary person, and he also went back to stay in German. (From many sources)